Thursday, June 21, 2012

Extended wetting and summer diseases

Extended wetting occurred June 18-19 with 15 hours wet at 64° and 0.11 in. rain. With this and other wetting in the past week, the accumulated wetting hour total from rainfall or dew since Apr 18 is now at 413 hours

Sooty blotch was first observed in non-treated trees at our AREC June 13, indicative of this year's early summer disease pressure.

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Extended wetting and validation of the sooty blotch flyspeck wetting hour threshold

Extended wetting June 11-13 involved two combined wetting periods of 14 hours at 69° and 12 hours at 66° with a total of 1.4 in. rain. These wetting periods favored secondary scab and all summer diseases on apples and brown rot on ripening stone fruits. Accumulated wetting hour total from rainfall or dew since Apr 18 is now at 367 hours. 

Because of early bloom and petal fall this year, there had been some questions about using the Apr 8 petal fall date as the trigger for accumulating wetting hours, starting 10 days later. The 250 accumulated wetting hour threshold is used to predict the presence of sooty blotch/flyspeck (SBFS) fungi on unprotected fruit. Using the Apr 18 date we had passed the 250-wetting hour threshold by May 25, four weeks ahead of last year and the second earliest date for reaching this predictive threshold on record since 1994. We are now seeing SBFS on fruit samples collected at our AREC three weeks ago and incubated under high humidity since then. This indicates that fungi were present May 25 and confirms the validity of the Apr 8 petal fall date and Apr 18 as the accumulation date in spite of this year's early bloom and petal fall dates.

Monday, June 4, 2012

Extended wetting June 1-2 and accumulated wetting

Extended wetting June 1-2: 12 hours at 63-51° brought the accumulated wetting hour total since Apr 18 to 319 hours. This is still a month ahead of last year's total.